One of the most powerful symbols of Christianity is the resurrection of Jesus. In demonstrating that he could return from the dead, Jesus proved that the light body exists and that the experience of it is, therefore, potential in every human being. It is ironic that almost 2,000 years after the fact, Western science and medicine has yet to accept this reality even though it is the keystone upon which the entire faith of Christianity is built. But to the soul, Jesus's resurrection was a symbolic representation of the existence of our own light bodies. Somewhere inside each of us, is the knowledge, or remembrance, that we are unconditioned spirits composed of the light that pervades the entire universe. Hence, we are not just physical bodies - we are also light bodies. To the ancients this light body had a pattern or specific form, this is the principal idea behind mandalas. The soul knows this, even though we may not be aware of it on a conscious level. The means by which we are connected to this light body is a system of energy centers called chakras. There are seven of these chakras. These seven chakra, or light body, energies, are symbolized in the beginning of the book of Genesis as the seven days of creation. This same correlation may also be seen in the following quote from the Book of Revelation, chapter 1, verse 4:

John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;"

The references here to the seven churches of Asia and the seven spirits before the throne of God are direct correlations to the seven chakras of the light body. I encourage the reader is review this biblical passage in its entirety.

The drawings in figure 1 & 2 represents the seven chakras of the light body, symbolized as the seven spirits of God in the Book of Revelation. This is the first in a series of circles that provide the basis of construction for entire the New Jerusalem mandala. It is these seven circles which set the entire mandala's pattern into creative expression. Interestingly enough, later we will see that these first seven circles relate directly to the Svadisthana chakra, or reproductive center.

The word chakra is an ancient Sanskrit term which means; sacred wheel. Any circular form could be considered a Chakra. In fact the planet earth is a Chakra, a living sphere of energy, which we are all apart of. Within the ancient yogic traditions the "Chakras" refer to a living energy system within each of us. This energy system is traditionally viewed as a Lotus Flower with 7 Chakras (or spheres of being) consisting of 50 petals. The imagery of the innerself as budding Lotus is primary to a yogi's understanding of themselves and their roles in the outer world. Within this ancient cosmology we find our higher selves or spiritual being manifest as a flower within a garden of flowers. It is through this method of visualization that we can begin the transformative journey from human beings to transcendent beings.

The Chakras are assembled into a vertical structure which extends from the tail bone to the crown of the head. They are not a system which is visibleto the untrained eye, therefore Western medicine often dismisses the yogic systems which incorporate the Kundalini as a intricate part of the human anatomy. The closest physical component to the Kundalini system that one can find within the physical body is the nervous system. Where the nerves are closely bundled together there is usually a Chakra location.

In the Hindu tradition, there are many teachings that describe the location and general meanings of the chakras. Some of the chakra systems detailed in this tradition list six, seven, eight, even 32 chakras. Today, in fact, as the Western world begins to investigate the world of chakras and the idea of a light body form even newer systems are being put forward. One could easily lose perspective among so many systems. For our own purposes, therefore, which are to explore and foster an understanding of a better cosmological view of the roots of Christianity and the links between the chakras system and early Christian symbols, we will remained focused on a more traditional seven chakra system.

Here is an overview of the seven chakra system with their Hindu names (the descriptions have been aligned with the corresponding chakra. The graphic to the right is the classic yogic rendering of the chakras as Lotus Flowers. This rendering dates back to 3,200 BCE and has a unique correspondance to the Sanskrit language.

Sahasrara or Crown
- is located at the top of the head. It is representative of the light source entering the energetic body or auric field. (This field will be discussed later in this text.) As the light source enters through the crown it is filtered throughout the system.

Ajna or Third Eye - is located just above the eyes in the center of the forehead. It represents the ability to perceive truth and perform self-evaluation.

Vissudha or Throat - is located at the throat near the Adam's apple and is sky-blue in color. It governs aspects of communication and is representative of the element ether. This chakra is also representative of will through the power of the spoken word.

Anahata or Heart - is located at the center of the chest at the heart level and is turquoise in color. It governs aspects such as love, hate, jealousy, compassion, and hope.

Manipura or Will Chakra - is located in the abdomen-stomach area and is yellow in color. It corresponds to the element of fire. This chakra is related to feelings of trust, fear, intimidation, self-respect, and care of others.

Svadhisthana or Sexual Chakra - is located in the genital area of the body and is orange in color. It corresponds to the elemental water. Often referred to as the pleasure center, this chakra is the energetic symbol of sexuality, power, money, and control. It represents creativity and respect in relationships as well.

Muladhara or Base Chakra - is located at the base of the spine and is red in color. It is represented in Hindu teachings as a square and also has correlation to the elemental earth. Modern interpretations connect this chakra to aspects of safety, security, and the ability to provide for life's necessities.


An interesting connection exist symbolically between the Jewish Tree of Life and the Hindu Tree of Life. In both traditions the Tree was given to humanity directly from God. Both Trees also contain the alphabet and number systems of these two cultures. The Jewish Tree of Life or Kabbalah contains the 22 Hebrew letters along with the 10 numbers. The Hindu Tree of Life contains the 50 Sanskrit letters along with the numeric system.

The diagram of seven circles is also the most efficent manner by which to construct a Star of David (figure 3) or six pointed star. This symbol also appears at the Anahata or heart chakra in the Hindu Tree. It is representative of the entwined female and male aspects of energy, symbolic of the marriage of heaven and earth.

Traditionally, the Kabbalah or Tree of Life, as shown below in figure 4-shown below is an esoteric Jewish teaching. It makes sense that it would be tied to the Book of Revelation and New Jerusalem. St. John and most of the disciples were Jewish mystics. However, I had never anticipated that the connection of the Kabbalah to the New Jerusalem pattern could be presented so clearly. In Anatomy of Spirit I found confirmation for what I knew to be true.

The Kabbalah itself is a very ancient teaching dating back to the very beginning of the Hebrew Bible. In the very first chapter of this text, Genesis, God creates the world in six days and rests on the seventh. As we previously stated, this symbolizes the seven chakras. As the story continues in Genesis, God then shapes Adam from clay into a likeness of himself and breathes his own breath into him. God then creates Eve. Later a snake appears, tempts Eve, and Adam and Eve fall from the garden of Paradise. This point, where the snake appears, marks the symbolic origins of the Kabbalah. Amidst a host of angels, the Kabbalah is given to Adam to help him find his way back to the Garden of Eden. Let us now explore the relationship of the Kabbalah to the chakras and the corresponding breath pattern that develops within the New Jerusalem pattern.

There are ten sefirot that make up the Tree of Life in the Kabbalah. The word sefirot has it roots in the word 'cipher' or 'number' and can also be translated into the word sapphire.

The divine act is visualized symbolically as follows, from AYIN SOF OR, the Endless Light that surrounds the void, there emanated a beam of light which penetrated from the periphery to the center. This, the Kav or beam of Divine Will, manifest in ten distinct stages of Emanation. This event is echoed in the another rabbinical saying, that the world was called into being by ten Divine Utterances. Since the Middle Ages these ten stages have been known as the Sefirot.

The ten stages are related to the ten divine powers of the creator, or the archetypal energies that contain attributes of the primal being. These ten archetypes are perceived to be held in a specific pattern or arrangement defined by the three Hidden Splendors, or Powers, that emanate from the void. These are defined as Primordial Will, Mercy, and Justice. Will is perceived as holding the balance between Justice and Mercy. The nature of Mercy is to expand, and the nature of Justice is to contract. The three are held in an energetic arrangement emanating an energetic pattern known as the kabbalistic structure (see figure 24). Hinduism contains a similar creation story, or pattern, referred to as the three gunas. They are Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas. It is from the three gunas that the thread of the cosmic web is woven. The Kabbalah also has an esoteric link with the Tarot. These connections were first revealed during the early 1200's AD. For more information on the Tarot connection to the Hindu and Jewish Trees of Life visit the Tarot Pattern section. The basic meanings of the Sefirots are listed below.

 1) Keter or Crown - energy of divine light that enters the kabbalistic pattern and flows downward through the entire structure. It is the place of first emanation and final return, often referred to as the name of God or "I AM THAT I AM."

2) Hokhmah or Wisdom - the contact point between the divine mind and human perception of the divine mind. It is the perception of the light that brings about the expansion of consciousness. For example, it may be a vision or dream in which one perceives the nature of all beings interwoven or interconnected.

3) Binah or Understanding - the passive occurrence that allows divine revelation to settle into one's daily perceptions. It is representative of the intellect or manner in which one understands. Understanding is the building block of creative expression.

-) Daat or Knowledge - is referred to as the realm of the Holy Spirit. It is true knowledge or experience born from the combination of Understanding and Wisdom, the pure action that occurs when the left brain and right brain are married. This is brought about through the activities of divine sight and speech. Daat is often referred to as a null number. This is in reference to the fact that true knowledge is temporary in the moment. True knowledge is born from the union of Wisdom and Understanding.

4) Hesed or Mercy - inner emotional awareness or qualities of the heart/mind in action. It is reflected in human tendencies toward love, tolerance, and generosity.

5) Gevurah or Justice - Contractive in nature, it parallels mercy with the qualities discipline, discernment, rigor, and judgment.

6) Tiferet or Beauty - the heart of the tree or the core of being. The Tiferet has branches that reach into each of the other Sefirot. It is the core of the individual being from a psychological perspective, representing the source located at the human heart.

7) Nezah or Eternity - an expansive representation of the will of the Divine reflected through the individual being. It contains the qualities of impulsive or instinctive actions that represent the ability to take action after experiencing discipline, passion, understanding, and wisdom, or vision.

8) Hod or Reverberation - A passive representation of the will energies, it is reflective of cognition or control. It is the receptive aspect of the vibrations caused by action or the expansive will found in Nezah.

9) Yesod or Foundation - referred to as the mirror of mirrors. It is a compositional energy of all the previous Sefirot and mirrors into the final Sefirot below. It also mirrors the final Sefirot back into the others.

10) Malkhut or Kingdom - This is the final Sefirot and is a compliment to Keter or the crown. It is the garden paradise of the earth as the divine kingdom or the presence of God in matter.




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